Acute and Chronic Sinusitis Treatments


Approximately 35 million people in the U. S. suffer from sinusitis. It is a major source of misery for the sufferers and may lead to depression, anxiety and feeling disorders.
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Acute Sinusitis

Definition

Acute sinusitis (inflammation of the sinuses) also called acute rhinosinusitis does not last for more than 12 weeks.

Causes

The mucous membranes of the nasal pathways become swollen and inflamed, the particular openings get blocked and proper sinus drainage is inhibited leading to a mucous build up. These obstructed, inflamed sinuses create a moist atmosphere that makes it easier for bacterial infection to occur and take hold. Usually the cold/flue or allergies cause the nasal congestion to occur.

Symptoms

Sinus/facial pain, sinus/facial tenderness, sinus/facial stress, headaches, pain in teeth, discomfort in jaw, pain in hearing, pain through and around eye, fatigue, dizziness, drainage of a solid yellow or green discharge from your nose or down the back of the throat (post nasal drip), nose congestion and difficulty breathing, decreased sense of smell and flavor, cough (which may be worse in night), nausea, sore throat and halitosis (bad breath).

Treatments

1 . Anti-biotics – A course of anti-biotics for example amoxicillan prescribed by a doctor usually gets rid of acute sinusitis.

2 . Over the counter decongestant tablets and liquids — OTC decongestants such as Sudafed can relieve nasal congestion to help you inhale and exhale more easily. Like any medication they have negative effects.

3. Over the counter decongestant nasal sprays – OTC nasal sprays such as Vicks Sinex can relieve inflammation and nasal congestion by diminishing blood vessels in the sinuses. These can result in side effects and should only be used short term (see manufacturers instructions) otherwise you may get rebound congestion (when you stop using it the congestion is worse than before) leading to dependency. Furthermore prolonged use can lead to permanent damage of the delicate linings of the nasal passages and a condition called ‘Rhinitis Medicamentosa’.

4. Over the counter pain relievers – OTC pain relievers such as Aspirin and Ibuprofen can be used to relieve inflammation and pain. However they can cause side effects such as slowing down the digestive system and internal bleeding.

5. Organic nasal sprays – Natural nose sprays such as SinuSoothe contain 100 % natural ingredients that relieve inflammation, sinus pain, headaches, nasal congestion, remove airborne irritants etc . It is also ant-bacterial and anti-fungal so can therefore assist get rid of any infection present. Regarding allergy sufferers it contains natural anti-histamines to relieve a runny, itchy nose and sneezing. It can be used long term, can be non-addictive and has no side effects.

6. Saline nasal sprays – Saline nasal sprays such as Sterimar are useful for moisturising the nasal pathways, removing airborne irritants and reducing congestion. These can be either isotonic or hypertonic solutions. These can be taken long term and are non-addictive. They can reduce inflammation.

7. Nasal irrigation – A neti pot is used to irrigate the sinuses with either an isotonic or hypertonic solution. An isotonic solution has the same salt concentration as your body. A hypertonic solution has a higher salt content and may be more useful on drawing moisture and mucous in the sinuses. This can help relieve nasal congestion and may reduce inflammation. This is a good exercise for keeping the sinuses clean and lots of people have benefited from daily sinus irrigation.
Sinusitis

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