Anime (Japan animation) is one of distinctive phenomena in history of world film development.
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Today, anime is one of the greatest entertainment industries in Japan and might be the only one who can compete with animation films made in America. Anime provides the special form and style with all the imagination level and fantasy aspect that you cannot find in animation movies made in America.
In this case, the development of cartoons is related to the development of manga (Japan comics) that has been popular since early twenties. Started from 1914, Japan cartoonists began to be interested and tried to experiment with film.
The first short animation movie that was noted successful was Momotaro (1918). Then, the development of cartoons was very slow until the Second World War. After war finished, a young talented cartoonist, Osamu Tezuka produced influential a manga, Shintakarajima (1947). His work was affected by cartoon icons of The disney produtcions and Max Fleicher in 30s whose characteristic was having a circular head and big eye. Then, Tezuka was known as the father of manga and Japan anime.
Some next years, two big galleries were built in Japan to be able to compete with animation movies made in America. They were Toei Animation and Mushi Production. These two studios focused on the production associated with animation movies for theater plus television. The most popular animation series regarding television was Tetsuwan Atom (Astro Boy/1963) by Tezuka, Gigantor, Tobor, Jungle Emperor, and Speed Speed.
In 70s, natural fiction genre began to clear away anime, such as Uchu Senkan Yamato, Uchu Kaizoku Captain Harlock, and MS Gundam. In the mean time, the talented animator, Hayao Miyazaki, began to outdrawn through Future Son Conan (1978) and Lupin 3: The Castle of Cagliostro (1979).
80s era was the gold amount of anime development. Yamato and Gundam was the beginning. Anime also cleared away video market in the form of First Video Animation (OVA). The most influential movie was Nausicaä of the Area of the Wind (1986). Other movies were Laputa: Castle in the Sky (1986), My Neighbor Totoro (1988), Kiki’s Delivery Service (1989), Grave from the Fireflies (1987), and Akira (1989).
Meanwhile, 90s era noted the controversial film like Neon Genesis Evangelion (1995) that began development of giant robot anime along with complicated plot. Another popular collection were Sailor Moon, Dragon Ball, and Pokemon. Hayao Miyazaki introduced anime into higher level through dream movies like Princess Mononoke (1997), Spirited Away (2002), and Howl’s Moving Castle (2004).
Until today, anime industry is noted as the most productive and creative computer animation industry in the world. It also influences many western movies like Animatrix, Eliminate Bill Vol. 1, Speed Speed, and Avatar.